Sutehall S, Galloway SD, Bosch A & Pitsiladis Y (2020) Addition of an Alginate Hydrogel to a Carbohydrate Beverage Enhances Gastric Emptying. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 52 (8), pp. 1785-1792. https://doi.org/10.1249/mss.0000000000002301
PURPOSE: To examine the effect of altering osmolality or adding sodium alginate and pectin to a concentrated carbohydrate (CHO) beverage on gastric emptying (GE) rate.
METHODS: 500 mL boluses of three drinks were instilled double-blind in eight healthy males while seated and GE measured using the double sampling method for 90 min and blood samples collected regularly. Drinks consisted of glucose and fructose (MON, 1392 mOsmol/kg), maltodextrin and fructose (POLY, 727 mOsmol/kg) and maltodextrin, fructose, sodium alginate and pectin (ENCAP, 732 mOsmol/kg) with each providing 180 g/L CHO (CHO ratio of 1:0.7 maltodextrin/glucose:fructose).
RESULTS: Time to empty half of the ingested bolus was faster for ENCAP (21±9 min) than POLY (37±8 min), both were faster than MON (51±15 min). There were main effects for time and drink in addition to an interaction effect for the volume of test drink remaining in the stomach. There were no differences between MON or POLY at any timepoint. ENCAP had a smaller volume of the test drink in the stomach than MON at 30 min (193±62 vs 323±54 mL), which remained less up to 60 min (93±37 vs 210±88 mL). There was a smaller volume of the drink remaining in the stomach in ENCAP compared with POLY 20 min (242±73 vs 318±47 mL) and 30 min (193±62 vs 304±40 mL) after ingestion. Although there was a main effect of time, there was no effect of drink or an interaction effect on serum glucose, insulin or non-esterified fatty acid (NEFA) concentrations.
CONCLUSION: The addition of sodium alginate and pectin to a CHO beverage enhances early GE rate but did not affect serum glucose, insulin or NEFA concentration at rest.
Gastric emptying; sodium alginate; pectin; half emptying time; carbohydrate
Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise: Volume 52, Issue 8
|Publication date online||27/02/2020|
|Date accepted by journal||06/02/2020|
|Publisher||Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health)|