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Article

Adaptive thinking: Can adaptive dispositional attributions protect against the harmful effects of maladaptive situational attributions?

Citation
Murray RM, Coffee P & Eklund RC (2019) Adaptive thinking: Can adaptive dispositional attributions protect against the harmful effects of maladaptive situational attributions?. Psychology of Sport and Exercise. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2019.101620

Abstract
Objectives The study was designed to examine if dispositional team-referent attributions moderate relationships between situational team-referent attributions and collective efficacy. Design In this cross-sectional design investigation, team athletes completed measures of dispositional team-referent attributions, situational team-referent attributions, and collective efficacy. Team outcome (i.e., win-loss status) was recorded. Method Athletes (N = 163) on sport teams (K = 17) completed a measure of dispositional team-referent attributions (i.e., attributional style). They also completed a measure of situational team-referent attributions in reference to their most recent team competition and a measure of collective efficacy in reference to their next upcoming team competition. Results Following team victory, simple slopes analysis revealed a moderating effect such that adaptive dispositional team-referent attributions appeared to protect against the effects of maladaptive situational team-referent attributions on collective efficacy. This trend was demonstrated across stability and globality attribution dimensions. Following team defeat, no significant interaction effects were observed. Conclusions The results suggest that developing adaptive dispositional attributions after success may protect athletes from experiencing deleterious effects of maladaptive situational attributions. Future research is needed to confirm these results and understand how these results can be applied to attributional retraining interventions in sport.

Keywords
Team-referent; Moderation; Stability; Globality; Collective efficacy

Notes
Output Status: Forthcoming/Available Online

Journal
Psychology of Sport and Exercise

StatusPublished
Author(s)Murray, Ross M; Coffee, Pete; Eklund, Robert C
Publication date online14/11/2019
Date accepted by journal13/11/2019
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/30466
PublisherElsevier BV
ISSN1469-0292
eISSN1878-5476
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