Article

Distribution and classification of pockmarks on the seabed around western Scotland

Citation

Audsley A, Bradwell T, Howe JA & Baxter JM (2019) Distribution and classification of pockmarks on the seabed around western Scotland. Journal of Maps, 15 (2), pp. 807-817. https://doi.org/10.1080/17445647.2019.1676320

Abstract
Pockmarks are seabed depressions that represent primary evidence of rapid biogenic/thermogenic gas build up and fluid release from seabed sediments to the water column. We use a Geographical Information System (GIS) to analyse multibeam echo-sounder bathymetric data and use a range of semi-automated tools to map seabed pockmarks in fjords and adjacent coastal waters around western Scotland. We map 1019 individual pockmarks in 12 different hydrographic areas covering ca. 2019 km2. We use morphological metrics and statistical procedures to classify and analyse the variety of pockmark forms. A k-means clustering algorithm identifies three classes of pockmark morphology: deep, elongate and regular. The recognition of separate pockmark classes could aid understanding of their age, activity and origin. This work presents the first detailed mapping of pockmark fields in Scottish west coast waters and highlights the use of pockmarks as an indicator of the quantity, mobility and fate of stored carbon.

Keywords
Carbon; gas release; classification; GIS; k-means; morphology

Journal
Journal of Maps: Volume 15, Issue 2

StatusPublished
FundersMarine Alliance for Science & Technology Scotland, Scottish Natural Heritage and Scottish Alliance for Geoscience, Environment and Society
Publication date31/12/2019
Publication date online15/10/2019
Date accepted by journal01/10/2019
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/30338
PublisherInforma UK Limited
eISSN1744-5647