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Article

Non-Pharmacological Interventions to Reduce Unhealthy Eating and Risky Drinking in Young Adults Aged 18-25 Years: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Citation
Scott S, Beyer F, Parkinson K, Muir C, Graye A, Kaner E, Stead M, Power C, Fitzgerald N, Bradley J, Wrieden W & Adamson A (2018) Non-Pharmacological Interventions to Reduce Unhealthy Eating and Risky Drinking in Young Adults Aged 18-25 Years: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Nutrients, 10 (10), Art. No.: 1538. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10101538

Abstract
Alcohol use peaks in early adulthood and can contribute both directly and indirectly to unhealthy weight gain. This review aimed to systematically evaluate the effectiveness of preventative targeted interventions focused on reducing unhealthy eating behavior and linked alcohol use in 18–25-year-olds. Twelve electronic databases were searched from inception to June 2018 for trials or experimental studies, of any duration or follow-up. Eight studies (seven with student populations) met the inclusion criteria. Pooled estimates demonstrated inconclusive evidence that receiving an intervention resulted in changes to self-reported fruit and vegetable consumption (mean change/daily servings: 0.33; 95% CI −0.22 to 0.87) and alcohol consumption (mean reduction of 0.6 units/week; CI −1.35 to 0.19). There was also little difference in the number of binge drinking episodes per week between intervention and control groups (−0.01 sessions; CI −0.07 to 0.04). This review identified only a small number of relevant studies. Importantly, included studies did not assess whether (and how) unhealthy eating behaviors and alcohol use link together. Further exploratory work is needed to inform the development of appropriate interventions, with outcome measures that have the capacity to link food and alcohol consumption, in order to establish behavior change in this population group. View Full-Text

Keywords
Intervention; young adult; eating behaviour; alcohol; systematic review

Journal
Nutrients: Volume 10, Issue 10

StatusPublished
Author(s)Scott, Stephanie; Beyer, Fiona; Parkinson, Kathryn; Muir, Cassey; Graye, Alice; Kaner, Eileen; Stead, Martine; Power, Christine; Fitzgerald, Niamh; Bradley, Jen; Wrieden, Wendy; Adamson, Ashley
FundersDepartment of Health
Publication date31/10/2018
Publication date online18/10/2018
Date accepted by journal15/10/2018
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/28237
eISSN2072-6643
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