PhD ‘Holocene climate change in Glen Affric, Northern Scotland: A multi-proxy approach’, University of Stirling (2000)
MSc Environmental Sciences, Trinity College Dublin (1996)
BSc (Hons) Geology, University of Edinburgh (1993)
Background / Previous Posts
Postdoctoral research assistant on Ben Lawers Historical Landscape Project. Part of a multi-disciplinary project examining change including peat spread and fluvial activity over the last 1000 years within a farming landscape funded by Heritage Lottery Fund, Scottish Natural Heritage, National Trust for Scotland and Carnegie Trust For Scottish Universities. 2005-2006.
Post doctoral research assistant (School of Biological and Environmental Sciences) and independent contract researcher (2000-2005). Research projects included:
Literature review investigating the palaeoenvironmental setting of the Antonine wall, Central Scotland forming part of the proposal for UNESCO World Heritage Status for the Antonine Wall, in collaboration with Richard Tipping (University of Stirling) on behalf of Historic Scotland.
Medieval and Post Medieval environmental reconstruction for Old Caerlaverock Castle Dumfriesshire. This project investigated the landscape around the castle during occupation and from sediments infilling the castle moat, determined possible reasons for its abandonment after only 50 years of occupation in collaboration with Richard Tipping (University of Stirling) and Martin Brann (Historic Scotland).
Peat sediment analysis investigating changes in mire surface wetness identified using humification analysis at Loch Farlary, Sutherland, Scottish Natural Heritage.
Later Mesolithic and Neolithic Landscape Reconstruction at Oliclette, near Wick, Caithness. The project involved investigating potential palynological sites and the spatial and temporal spread of blanket peat across the landscape, Historic Scotland and Caithness and Sutherland Enterprise. In collaborations with Richard Tipping (University of Stirling) and Amelia Pannett (University of Cardiff).
Current research interests are centered on investigating Holocene climate change in particular defining the record in terms of single climatic variables. Obtaining single climatic variables is highly desirable and so I am currently interested in the development and refining of climate proxies in particular peat stratigraphic techniques such as humification.
In addition I am investigating the application of Chironomids as a proxy for Holocene temperature change and as a proxy for environmental change. Such well defined and highly resolved climate records could then be used to determine the influence of changes in ocean circulation patterns such as those in the North Atlantic.
I am also interested in further developing chronological controls in particular the use of spheriodal carbonaceous particles to achieve a near annual resolution within the recent palaeoenvironmental record. This resolution is fundamental to inter-disciplinary research where landscape evolution can only be understood through the integration of past records of climate change and human activity, thus providing a model for future changes.
Current research has also led me to Iceland where there is the opportunity to interpret changes in landscape as a response to both human activity and climate change over the past 1000 yrs. Iceland with its wealth of archaeological and documentary evidence is an exciting research area allowing the palaeoenvironmental record to reveal how the Norse peoples responded to and were drivers of change in this fascinating landscape.
I am also keen to promote the application of palaeoenvironmental techniques to landscape conservation issues such as biodiversity and changes in habitat as a response to human activity and climate change.
Tisdall E, Barclay R, Nichol A, McCulloch R, Simpson I, Smith H & Vésteinsson O (2018) Palaeoenvironmental evidence for woodland conservation in Northern Iceland from settlement to the twentieth century. Environmental Archaeology, 23 (3), pp. 205-216. https://doi.org/10.1080/14614103.2018.1437105
Tisdall E, McCulloch R, Sanderson D, Simpson I & Woodward N (2013) Living with sand: A record of landscape change and storminess during the Bronze and Iron Ages Orkney, Scotland. Quaternary International, 308-309, pp. 205-215. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2013.05.016
Brown J, Simpson I, Morrison S, Adderley WP, Tisdall E & Vésteinsson O (2012) Shieling Areas: Historical Grazing Pressures and Landscape Responses in Northern Iceland. Human Ecology, 40 (1), pp. 81-99. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10745-011-9456-1
Tipping R, McCulloch R & Tisdall E (2008) Field by Field. Historic Period Environmental Change on a Hill Farming Landscape at Ben Lawers - Final Report to the National Trust for Scotland, Scottish Natural Heritage, Historic Scotland and the Carnegie Trust for the Universities of Scotland. The National Trust for Scotland; Scottish Natural Heritage; Historic Scotland; The Carnegie Trust. University of Stirling.
Tipping R, Davies A, McCulloch R & Tisdall E (2008) Response to late Bronze Age climate change of farming communities in north east Scotland. Journal of Archaeological Science, 35 (8), pp. 2379-2386. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2008.03.008
Tipping R, Ashmore P, Davies A, Haggart BA, Moir A, Newton A, Sands R, Skinner T & Tisdall E (2008) Prehistoric Pinus woodland dynamics in an upland landscape in northern Scotland: the roles of climate change and human impact. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany, 17 (3), pp. 251-267. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00334-007-0120-z
Tipping R, Tisdall E, Davies A, Wilson C & Yendell S (2007) Living with peat in the flow country: prehistoric farming communities and blanket peat spread at Oliclett, Caithness, northern Scotland. In: Barber J, Clark C, Cressey M, Crone A, Hale A, Henderson J, Housley R, Sands R, Sheridan A & Scottish WAP( (eds.) Archaeology from the Wetlands: Recent Perspectives: Proceedings of the 11th WARP Conference, Edinburgh 2005. WARP Occasional Papers. 11th Annual WARP conference, Edinburgh. Edinburgh: Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, pp. 165-173. http://www.socantscot.org/partnumber.asp?cid=&pnid=116854
Tipping R, Ashmore P, Davies A, Haggart BA, Moir A, Newton A, Sands R, Skinner T & Tisdall E (2007) Peat, pine stumps and people: interactions behind climate, vegetation change and human activity in wetland archaeology at Loch Farlary, northern Scotland. In: Barber J, Clark C, Cressey M, Crone A, Hale A, Henderson J, Housley R, Sands R, Sheridan A & Scottish WAP( (eds.) Archaeology from the Wetlands: Recent Perspectives: Proceedings of the 11th WARP Conference, Edinburgh 2005. WARP Occasional Papers. 11th Annual WARP conference, Edinburgh. Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, pp. 157-164. http://www.socantscot.org/partnumber.asp?cid=&pnid=116854
Tipping R & Tisdall E (2005) The landscape context of the Antonine Wall: a review of the literature. Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, 135, pp. 443-469. http://www.socantscot.org/publications.asp
Tipping R, McCulloch R, Tisdall E, Senior A & McEwen A (2005) Peat Stratigraphic Approaches to Historic Landscape and Ecological Changes on Ben Lawers National nature Reserve. In: The Ben Lawers Historic Landscape Project Annual Report 2004-2005. Edinburgh: National Trust for Scotland, pp. 22-23.
Tipping R & Tisdall E (2004) Continuity, crisis and climate change in the Neolithic and early Bronze Age periods of north-west Europe. In: Shepherd I & Barclay G (eds.) Scotland in Ancient Europe. The Neolithic and Early Bronze Age of Scotland in their European Context. Edinburgh: Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, pp. 71-82. http://www.socantscot.org/partnumber.asp?pnid=116827
Tipping R, Davies A, Dawson A, Smith D, Tisdall E & Tyler A (2004) Landscape development and the Medieval coastline. In: Brann M (ed.) Excavations at Caerlaverock Old Castle 1998-99. Dumfries: Dumfries and Galloway Natural History and Antiquarian Society, pp. 9-15.
Tipping R, Davies A, Dawson A, Dawson S, Kontrowitz M, Smith DE, Tisdall E & Tyler A (2004) Medieval coastal impacts on Caerlaverock Castle. In: Brann M (ed.) Excavations at Caerlaverock Old Castle 1998-99. Dumfries: Dumfries and Galloway Natural History and Antiquarian Society, pp. 99-109.
Davies A, Tisdall E & Tipping R (2004) Holocene climatic variability and human settlement in the Scottish Highlands: fragility and robustness. In: Housley R & Coles G (eds.) Atlantic Connections & Adaptations. Symposia of the Association for Environmental Archaeology, 21. Oxford: Oxbow Books, pp. 2-11. http://www.oxbowbooks.com/oxbow/atlantic-connections-and-adaptations.html
Tipping R, Davies A & Tisdall E (2004) Trees and wild land values in West Glen Affric: a personal view. Wild Land News, (61), pp. 14-17. http://www.swlg.org.uk/uploads/6/3/3/8/6338077/61_-_autumn_2004.pdf
Tipping R, Davies A, Tisdall E & Reid E (2004) Between a rock and a hard place: the persistence of people in the Scottish Highlands. Earth Heritage, (21), pp. 22-23. http://www.earthheritage.org.uk/ehpdf/EH-21.pdf
Tipping R, Davies A, Reid E & Tisdall E (2003) Late Quaternary landscape evolution of Glen Affric and Kintail. In: Tipping R (ed.) The Quaternary of Glen Affric and Kintail: Field Guide. Quaternary Research Association field guides. London: Quaternary Research Association, pp. 9-28. http://qra.org.uk/publications/field_guides
Tipping R, Tisdall E & Davies A (2003) Peat development in West Glen Affric. In: Tipping R (ed.) The Quaternary of Glen Affric and Kintail: Field guide. Quaternary Research Association field guides. London: Quaternary Research Association, pp. 49-54. http://qra.org.uk/publications/field_guides
Tipping R, Tisdall E & Davies A (2003) Delayed deglaciation from the Loch Lomond Readvance: radiocarbon dated sequences from West Glen Affric. In: Tipping R (ed.) The Quaternary of Glen Affric and Kintail: Field guide. Quaternary Research Association field guide. London: Quaternary Research Association, pp. 85-92. http://qra.org.uk/publications/field_guides
Tipping R, Ashmore P, Davies A, Haggart BA, Moir A, Newton A, Sands R, Skinner T & Tisdall E (2003) The Chronology, Significance and Environmental Context of Later Prehistoric Axe Marks on in situ Pine trees at Farlary, near Golspie, Sutherland. Historic Scotland. Historic Scotland.
Tipping R, Davies A, Dawson A, Dawson S, Kontrowitz M, Smith D, Tisdall E & Tyler A (2002) Impacts of High Relative Sea Levels and Coastal Floods at Old Caerlaverock Castle in and after the 13th Century AD. Historic Scotland. Archive Report. Historic Scotland.
Tipping R, Davies A & Tisdall E (1999) The West Affric Forest Restoration Initiative: Palaeoecological Approaches. In: Tipping R (ed.) Using the Past in the Future of Scotland’s New Native Woodlands. Scottish Woodland History Discussion Group Notes, 4. St Andrews: Scottish Woodland History Group, pp. 13-21. http://nwdg.org.uk/doc/SWHDG_Notes04_1999.pdf
Tipping R, Buchanan J, Davies A & Tisdall E (1999) Woodland biodiversity, palaeo-human ecology and some implications for conservation management. Journal of Biogeography, 26 (1), pp. 33-43. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2699.1999.00282.x
Davies A, Tipping R & Tisdall E (1997) Palaeoenvironmental perspectives on woodland sustainability. In: Smout T (ed.) Scottish Woodland History Discussion Group: 2nd Meeting. Notes, II. Lochgilphead: Scottish Woodland History Discussion Group, pp. 18-21. http://nwdg.org.uk/doc/SWHDG_Notes02_1997.pdf