The question of how humanity can reduce climate change has been tackled by a Stirling expert as part of a ground breaking international forest ecology study.
Dr Daisy Dent, a lecturer in Tropical Ecology at the University of Stirling, was the only scientist in the UK to contribute to the largest study of its kind led by Wageningen University in the Netherlands.
Research published in Nature journal revealed the resiliency of forests regrown after tropical forest clearance and suggests their potential to absorb carbon could be the answer to reducing global carbon emissions and increasing carbon intake.
As recent climate talks in Paris noted, carbon reduction is a matter of global urgency. While attention has focused on the ability of older tropical forests to store carbon, it appears forests that re-grow after forest clearance can absorb large amounts of carbon.
Dr Daisy Dent of the School of Natural Sciences, said: “Carbon uptake is surprisingly fast in neotropical forests regenerating on abandoned pastures or abandoned agricultural fields. After just 20 years, these forests have recovered an average of 122 tonnes of aboveground biomass per hectare. This translates to an uptake of 3.05 tonnes of carbon per hectare per year, which is 11 times the rate of mature forests.”
The collaborative research analysed almost 1500 forest plots from 45 sites across Latin America. Dr Dent, who is also a Research Associate at the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute in Panama contributed data from secondary forest plots in central Panama that range in age from 20 to 120 years.
The study showed that secondary forests are highly productive and resilient but rates of biomass recovery differed dramatically with water availability. Carbon absorption was highest in areas with high rainfall and water availability throughout the year, in contrast soil fertility and the amount of forest cover in the surrounding landscape were less important to biomass recovery.
Dr Dent said: “To mitigate climate change we need to reduce carbon emissions and increase carbon uptake. We hope that this study highlights the role that secondary forests can play in climate change mitigation. We need policies that protect older tropical forests and promote natural forest regrowth in deforested areas, particularly in areas with high rates of carbon uptake. Natural regrowth is a cheap and natural solution to climate change.”
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