Bell DNF & Blanchflower DG (2018) The Lack of Wage Growth and the Falling NAIRU. National Institute Economic Review, 245 (1), pp. R40-R55. https://doi.org/10.1177/002795011824500114
In this note, we argue that a considerable part of the explanation for the benign wage growth in the advanced world is the rise in underemployment. In the years after 2008 the unemployment rate understates labour market slack. Underemployment is more important than unemployment in explaining the weakness of wage growth in the UK. The Phillips curve in the UK has now to be rewritten into wage underemployment space. Underemployment now enters wage equations while the unemployment rate does not. There is every reason to believe that the NAIRU has fallen sharply since the Great Recession. In our view the NAIRU in the UK may well be nearer to 3 per cent, and even below it, than around 5 per cent, which other commentators including the MPC and the OBR believe.
National Institute Economic Review: Volume 245, Issue 1