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Article

Examining the relationships among the coaching climate, life skills development and well-being in sport

Citation
Cronin LD & Allen J (2018) Examining the relationships among the coaching climate, life skills development and well-being in sport. International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching, 13 (6), pp. 815-827. https://doi.org/10.1177/1747954118787949

Abstract
Using Benson and Saito's framework for positive youth development, we investigated the relationships between the coaching climate, young people's perceived life skills development within sport, and their psychological well-being. British youth sport participants (N=326, Mage=13.81, range=11–18 years) completed a survey assessing the coaching climate, participants' perceived life skills development (teamwork, goal setting, time management, emotional skills, interpersonal communication, social skills, leadership, and problem solving and decision making) and psychological well-being (self-esteem, positive affect, and satisfaction with life). In all analyses, the coaching climate was positively related to young peoples' perceived development of life skills within sport and their psychological well-being. Total life skills development (a summative score of all eight life skills scores) was positively related to all three psychological well-being indicators – providing support for the "pile-up" effect – and partially mediated the relationships between the coaching climate and participants' psychological well-being. Interpretation of the results indicated that coaches should foster the development of multiple life skills in youth sport participants, as they are associated with participants' psychological well-being. One way this can be achieved is through autonomy-supportive coaching behaviours.

Keywords
Mediation analysis; positive youth development; psychosocial development; youth sport

Journal
International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching: Volume 13, Issue 6

StatusPublished
Author(s)Cronin, Lorcan D; Allen, Justine
Publication date01/12/2018
Publication date online12/07/2018
Date accepted by journal18/06/2018
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/27598
PublisherSAGE Publications
ISSN1747-9541
eISSN2048-397X
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