Article

Does cognitive ability predict mortality in the ninth decade? The Lothian Birth Cohort 1921

Citation

Murray C, Pattie A, Starr JM & Deary IJ (2012) Does cognitive ability predict mortality in the ninth decade? The Lothian Birth Cohort 1921. Intelligence, 40 (5), pp. 490-498. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.intell.2012.05.003

Abstract
To test whether cognitive ability predicts survival from age 79 to 89 years data were collected from 543 (230 male) participants who entered the study at a mean age of 79.1 years. Most had taken the Moray House Test of general intelligence (MHT) when aged 11 and 79 years from which, in addition to intelligence measures at these two time points, relative lifetime cognitive change was calculated. Cognitive domain measures at age 79 included: vocabulary, nonverbal reasoning, verbal declarative memory, and executive functioning. A fluid-type general intelligence component (gf) was extracted from reasoning, memory, and executive functioning. Socio-demographic, health behaviour, and health status measures were included as covariates in Cox's proportional hazard regression models of the cognition–mortality associations. Having attained the age of 79, gf, reasoning and memory measured in later-life, and the relative change in cognitive ability (11 to 79 years) are important in predicting mortality. Health and socio-demographic status are possible mechanisms through which cognitive ability predicts mortality in old age.

Keywords
Mortality; memory; cognitive change; old age; intelligence;

Journal
Intelligence: Volume 40, Issue 5

StatusPublished
FundersBiotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council, Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council, Economic and Social Research Council and Medical Research Council
Publication date30/09/2012
Publication date online11/06/2012
Date accepted by journal21/05/2012
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/27646
PublisherElsevier BV
ISSN0160-2896