Hockey Fans in Training: A Pilot Pragmatic Randomized Controlled Trial



Petrella RJ, Gill D, Zou G, Cruz Ad, Riggin B, Bartol C, Danylchuk K, Hunt K, Wyke S, Gray C, Bunn C & Zwarenstein M (2017) Hockey Fans in Training: A Pilot Pragmatic Randomized Controlled Trial. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 49 (12), pp. 2506-2516.

Introduction  Hockey Fans in Training (Hockey FIT) is a gender-sensitized weight loss and healthy lifestyle program. We investigated 1) feasibility of recruiting and retaining overweight and obese men into a pilot pragmatic randomized controlled trial and 2) potential for Hockey FIT to lead to weight loss and improvements in other outcomes at 12 wk and 12 months.  Methods  Male fans of two ice hockey teams (35-65 yr; body mass index ≥28 kg·m-2) located in Ontario (Canada) were randomized to intervention (Hockey FIT) or comparator (wait-list control). Hockey FIT includes a 12-wk active phase (weekly, coach-led group meetings including provision of dietary information, practice of behavior change techniques, and safe exercise sessions plus incremental pedometer walking) and a 40-wk minimally supported phase (smartphone app for sustaining physical activity, private online social network, standardized e-mails, booster session/reunion). Measurement at baseline and 12 wk (both groups) and 12 months (intervention group only) included clinical outcomes (e.g., weight) and self-reported physical activity, diet, and self-rated health.  Results  Eighty men were recruited in 4 wk; trial retention was >80% at 12 wk and >75% at 12 months. At 12 wk, the intervention group lost 3.6 kg (95% confidence interval, -5.26 to -1.90 kg) more than the comparator group (P < 0.001) and maintained this weight loss to 12 months. The intervention group also demonstrated greater improvements in other clinical measures, physical activity, diet, and self-rated health at 12 wk; most sustained to 12 months.  Conclusions  Results suggest feasible recruitment/retention of overweight and obese men in the Hockey FIT program. Results provide evidence for the potential effectiveness of Hockey FIT for weight loss and improved health in at-risk men and, thus, evidence to proceed with a definitive trial.

men's health; overweight/obesity; lifestyle intervention; physical activity; health promotion; weight loss

Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise: Volume 49, Issue 12

Publication date31/12/2017
Publication date online14/11/2017
Date accepted by journal31/07/2017
PublisherLippincott, Williams & Wilkins

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Professor Kate Hunt

Professor Kate Hunt

Professor, Institute for Social Marketing