Citation Newell A, Keane J, McGuire B, Heary C, McDarby V, Dudley B, Moran J, Francis K & Caes L (2018) Interactive versus Passive Distraction and Parent Psychoeducation as pain management techniques during pediatric venepuncture: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Clinical Journal of Pain, 34 (11), pp. 1008-1016. https://doi.org/10.1097/AJP.0000000000000628
Abstract Objectives The aim of this research was twofold: to explore 1) the efficacy of active vs. passive distraction on self-reported pain and distress of children during a venepuncture; and 2) the impact ofparental psychoeducation on child and parent outcomes, parental knowledge of distraction procedures and parental engagement in effective pain management strategies.
Methods This cross-sectional study included 213 children scheduled for a venepuncture, and one of their parents, who were randomly allocated to one of four conditions; interactive distraction, passive distraction, interactive distraction with parent psychoeducation and passive distraction with parent psychoeducation. ANCOVA’s were used to investigate the impact of distraction type and the use of parent psychoeducation on child and parent pain related outcome variables.
Results Statistical analyses revealed no significant differences between groups for child-reported pain and distress. Parents who received parent psychoeducation had a significantly higher level of knowledge than parents who did not receive psychoeducation, but did not engage in more effective pain management behaviour.
Conclusions The results indicated that passive vs. active distraction does not have a significantly different influence on child pain-related outcome variables. In addition, while psychoeducation was demonstrated to be effective in increasing parental knowledge, it was not sufficient to change parental behaviour.