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Article

Factors affecting continuation of clean intermittent catheterisation in people with multiple sclerosis: Results of the COSMOS mixed-methods study

Citation
McClurg D, Bugge C, Elders A, Irshad T, Hagen S, Moore K, Buckley B & Fader M (2019) Factors affecting continuation of clean intermittent catheterisation in people with multiple sclerosis: Results of the COSMOS mixed-methods study. Multiple Sclerosis Journal, 25 (5), pp. 727-739. https://doi.org/10.1177/1352458518768722

Abstract
Background:  Clean intermittent catheterisation (CIC) is often recommended for people with multiple sclerosis (MS).  Objective:  To determine the variables that affect continuation or discontinuation of the use of CIC.  Methods:  A three-part mixed-method study (prospective longitudinal cohort (n = 56), longitudinal qualitative interviews (n = 20) and retrospective survey (n = 456)) was undertaken, which identified the variables that influenced CIC continuation/discontinuation. The potential explanatory variables investigated in each study were the individual’s age, gender, social circumstances, number of urinary tract infections, bladder symptoms, presence of co-morbidity, stage of multiple sclerosis and years since diagnosis, as well as CIC teaching method and intensity.  Results:  For some people with MS the prospect of undertaking CIC is difficult and may take a period of time to accept before beginning the process of using CIC. Ongoing support from clinicians, support at home and a perceived improvement in symptoms such as nocturia were positive predictors of continuation. In many cases, the development of a urinary tract infection during the early stages of CIC use had a significant detrimental impact on continuation.  Conclusion:  Procedures for reducing the incidence of urinary tract infection during the learning period (i.e. when being taught and becoming competent) should be considered, as well as the development of a tool to aid identification of a person’s readiness to try CIC.

Keywords
Quality of life; rehabilitation; symptomatic treatment; CIC

Journal
Multiple Sclerosis Journal: Volume 25, Issue 5

StatusPublished
Author(s)McClurg, Doreen; Bugge, Carol; Elders, Andrew; Irshad, Tasneem; Hagen, Suzanne; Moore, Katherine; Buckley, Brian; Fader, Mandy
Publication date30/04/2019
Publication date online23/04/2018
Date accepted by journal12/03/2018
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/27195
PublisherSAGE
ISSN1352-4585
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