Citation Taylor J, Porter MJR, Bromage NR & Migaud H (2008) Relationships between environmental changes, maturity, growth rate and plasma insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) in female rainbow trout. General and Comparative Endocrinology, 155 (2), pp. 257-270. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ygcen.2007.05.014
Abstract Size reflecting growth rate, energy balance or nutritional status is regarded as an important determinant of the ability of trout to undergo puberty. The relationship of a change in photoperiod, either natural (SNP) or advancing (ADV), with growth, IGF-I and reproduction was investigated in virgin female rainbow trout. Under SNP 63% of the population attained maturity while only 29% spawned 6 months in advance in the ADV regime. Under SNP both size and growth rate in late spring-early summer appeared to determine whether an individual may initiate reproduction while condition factor appeared to be a better predictor in the ADV regime. A complete seasonal relationship between plasma IGF-I, daylength and temperature was demonstrated under natural conditions, and provides direct evidence for the relationship between reproduction and IGF-I. Conversely, trout maintained under ADV exhibited a significantly different plasma IGF-I profile relative to those under a natural photoperiod. Furthermore, IGF-I levels accurately reflected growth rate prior to elevations in sex steroids, suggesting that IGF-I may provide an endocrine signal between the somatotropic and reproductive axes that growth rate and/or size is sufficient to initiate gonad development. In addition, maturing individuals under SNP typically expressed higher circulating IGF-I levels than those that remained immature and may reflect a greater opportunity for IGF-I to act on the pituitary to stimulate gonadotropin production. We observed elevated levels in maturing fish for 3 months under SNP compared to only I month under ADV were observed. This may reflect a reduction in the window of opportunity to initiate reproduction under advancing photoperiods and hence explain the reduction in fish successfully recruited.