Drummond LE, Dritschel B, Astell AJ, O'Carroll R & Dalgleish T (2006) Effects of age, dysphoria, and emotion-focusing on autobiographical memory specificity in children. Cognition and Emotion, 20 (3-4), pp. 488-505. https://doi.org/10.1080/02699930500341342
Overgeneral autobiographical memory (OGM) is strongly associated with depression in adults and appears to reflect a stable cognitive bias. However, it is not known whether this bias exists in children or what factors contribute to its development. We examined the roles of age, dysphoria, and a new variable, emotion-focusing (EF), on the production of specific autobiographical memory (AM) in children, using the standard Autobiographical Memory Test (AMT; Williams & Broadbent, 1986). Results show that older children are more specific than younger children, irrespective of cue valence. Dysphoria was linked to less specific retrieval of positive memories in children. A three-way interaction between age, valence, and dysphoria was also found, such that older dysphoric children demonstrated a difficulty in retrieving specific negative memories. In addition, emotion-focusing was associated with specific AM recall, especially to negative cues. Results are discussed with reference to the development of depressogenic biases.
Cognition and Emotion: Volume 20, Issue 3-4
|Publisher||Taylor and Francis|