Tello A, Corner R & Telfer T (2010) How do land-based salmonid farms affect stream ecology?. Environmental Pollution, 158 (5), pp. 1147-1158. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2009.11.029
Increasing research is highlighting the fact that streams provide crucial ecosystem services through the biogeochemical and ecological processes they sustain. Freshwater land-based salmonid farms commonly discharge their effluents into low order, headwater streams, partly due to the fact that adequate freshwater resources for production are commonly found in undisturbed areas. We review the effects of salmonid farm effluents on different biological components of stream ecosystems. Relevant considerations related to the temporal and spatial scales of effluent discharge and ecological effects are discussed. These highlight the need to characterize the patterns of stressor discharge when assessing environmental impacts and designing ecological effects studies. The potential role of multiple stressors in disrupting ecosystem structure and function is discussed with an emphasis on aquaculture veterinary medicines. Further research on the effects of veterinary medicines using relevant exposure scenarios would significantly contribute to our understanding of their impact in relation to other effluent stressors.
Aquaculture; Salmonids; Pollution; Veterinary medicines; Stream ecology
Environmental Pollution: Volume 158, Issue 5