Boa S, Duncan E, Haraldsdottir E & Wyke S (2018) Patient-centred goal setting in a hospice: a comparative case study of how health practitioners understand and use goal setting in practice. International Journal of Palliative Nursing, 24 (3), pp. 115-122. https://doi.org/10.12968/ijpn.2018.24.3.115
Goal setting is recognised as an important way of supporting people to live as actively as possible until death. However, there is little agreement about how goal setting should be handled or delivered by health professionals in everyday practice.
To investigate health-care practitioners' understanding and practice of patient-centred goal setting in a hospice.
A comparative case study of 10 healthcare practitioners in one hospice. Non-participant observations (n=28), semi-structured interviews (n=10) and case-note analysis (n=67) were undertaken. Data were analysed using framework analysis.
Participants viewed goal setting as part of routine practice. However, goal setting focused around what was seen as important from the health practitioner's perspective, rather than being patient-centred. Participants' goal-setting practice was implicit and opportunities to support patients to pursue goals were missed. Participants emphasised problem solving and alleviating symptoms rather than focusing on patient priorities and establishing patient-centred goals.
While goal setting is valued, it is practiced in an implicit, practitioner-centred and inconsistent manner. A more explicit, person-centred goal setting process may support practitioners more consistently in helping patients to identify their priorities and enhance their quality of life.
Palliative care; End of life; Goal setting; Patient-centred care
International Journal of Palliative Nursing: Volume 24, Issue 3
|Publication date online||02/04/2018|
|Date accepted by journal||19/02/2018|