Skip header navigation
×

Article

Costless and Costly Prosociality: Correspondence Among Personality Traits, Economic Preferences, and Real-World Prosociality

Citation
Ferguson E, Zhao K, O'Carroll R & Smillie LD (2019) Costless and Costly Prosociality: Correspondence Among Personality Traits, Economic Preferences, and Real-World Prosociality. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 10 (4), pp. 461-471. https://doi.org/10.1177/1948550618765071

Abstract
Prosociality can either be costly (e.g., donating to charity) or costless (e.g., posthumous organ donation). Whereas links between personality and costly prosociality have been explored, links with costless prosociality and personality are at present unknown. We address this in two studies: Study 1 (N ¼ 200) confirms the distinction between costless and costly prosociality based on willingness to engage with health and nonhealth prosociality. Study 2, using data from four samples (student and community; N ¼ 733), shows that across incentivized and hypothetical economic games to assess costless (generosity game) and costly (dictator game) prosociality, that organ donor behavior was linked to greater allocations in the GG and charity/volunteering behavior in the DG. Costless and costly prosocialities are associated with different personality traits (e.g., costly with politeness and compassion and costless with intellect). Implications for cooperative phenotypes and recruiting organ donors are discussed.

Keywords
altruism; costly; personality; organ donation; dictator game

Journal
Social Psychological and Personality Science: Volume 10, Issue 4

StatusPublished
Author(s)Ferguson, Eamonn; Zhao, Kun; O'Carroll, Ronan; Smillie, Luke D
Publication date01/05/2019
Publication date online05/09/2018
Date accepted by journal08/02/2018
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/27077
PublisherSAGE
ISSN1948-5506
eISSN1948-5514

Research programmes

Research themes

Scroll back to the top