Article

Increased activities of hepatic antioxidant defence enzymes in juvenile gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata L.) fed dietary oxidised oil: attenuation by dietary vitamin E

Citation

Mourente G, Diaz-Salvago E, Bell JG & Tocher DR (2002) Increased activities of hepatic antioxidant defence enzymes in juvenile gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata L.) fed dietary oxidised oil: attenuation by dietary vitamin E. Aquaculture, 214 (41000), pp. 343-361. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/00448486; https://doi.org/10.1016/S0044-8486%2802%2900064-9

Abstract
Previously, we had shown that altering the highly unsaturated fatty acid (HUFA)/vitamin E ratios in gilthead sea bream livers significantly affected their peroxidation status, with fish fed a diet rich in HUFA and low in vitamin E showing significantly higher values of lipid peroxidation products, without, however, significant effects on liver antioxidant defence enzyme activities. The aim of the present trial was to further characterise the biochemical indicators of peroxidative stress in juvenile gilthead sea bream. A high pro-oxidative stress was induced by feeding diets containing around 7% of the dry weight as n 3 HUFA. The potential peroxidative stress was increased by oxidising the oil, increasing the peroxide value of the oil some 10-fold. These oils were fed without or with supplemental vitamin E (a-tocopheryl acetate at 200 mg kg 1 dry diet) giving four diets in total. Fish were sampled after 30 and 60 days of feeding the experimental diets. None of the diets had any serious deleterious effects on growth and mortality of the fish during the trial. Similarly, there were few significant effects due to dietary oxidised oil or supplementary vitamin E on liver lipid and fatty acid profiles and, in particular, the proportions of HUFA were not decreased by dietary oxidised oil. The vitamin E content of the liver reflected the vitamin E content of the diets but was also affected by dietary oxidised oil being reduced by oxidised oil in fish fed diets without supplemental vitamin E but, unexpectedly, increased by oxidised oil in fish fed diets supplemented with vitamin E. Liver thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) levels were significantly lower in fish fed diets supplemented with vitamin E whereas dietary oxidised oil had no major effect on lipid peroxidation products. Catalase (CAT) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities were both increased in fish fed dietary oxidised oil and reduced by supplementary vitamin E after 30 days feeding. In contrast, glutathione peroxidase (GPX) was less affected by the diets, and the activities of glutathione-Stransferase (GST) and glutathione reductase (GR) were only reduced by dietary vitamin E after 60 days of feeding. However, all the enzyme activities were significantly affected by the duration of feeding, but the number of interactions between the three factors (time, oil and vitamin E) showed that the relationships were complicated. In conclusion, the present study showed that feeding diets containing oxidised oil significantly affected the activities of liver antioxidant defence enzymes and that dietary vitamin E partially abrogated these effects. Growth and survival of the fish were relatively unaffected suggesting that the responses in gilthead sea bream offered effective protection. However, the duration of feeding the diets of high pro-oxidative stress was observed to have a hitherto unknown effect, possibly the result of an adaptive process, but which requires further investigation.

Keywords
Gilthead seabream; Sparus aurata; alpha-tocopherol; Vitamin E; Oxidised oil; Polyunsaturated fatty acids; Peroxidation; Antioxidant defence enzymes; MDA; Isoprostanes; Fishes Nutrition Requirements; Fishes Feeding and feeds; Fishes Nutrition Requirments

Journal
Aquaculture: Volume 214, Issue 41000

StatusPublished
Publication date30/11/2002
Publication date online21/03/2002
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/2920
PublisherElsevier
Publisher URLhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/00448486
ISSN0044-8486