Skip header navigation

University of Stirling

×

Article

Host-based identification is not supported by morphometrics in natural populations of Gyrodactylus salaris and G. thymalli (Platyhelminthes, Monogenea)

Citation
Olstad K, Shinn A, Bachmann L & Bakke TA (2007) Host-based identification is not supported by morphometrics in natural populations of Gyrodactylus salaris and G. thymalli (Platyhelminthes, Monogenea). Parasitology, 134 (14), pp. 2041-2052. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0031182007003332

Abstract
Gyrodactylus salaris is a serious pest of wild pre-smolt Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) in Norway. The closely related G. thymalli, originally described from grayling (Thymallus thymallus), is assumed harmless to both grayling and salmon. The 2 species are difficult to distinguish using traditional, morphometric methods or molecular approaches. The aim of this study was to explore whether there is a consistent pattern of morphometrical variation between G. salaris and G. thymalli and to analyse the morphometric variation in the context of ‘diagnostic realism’ (in natural populations). Specimens from the type-material for the 2 species are also included. In total, 27 point-to-point measurements from the opisthaptoral hard parts were used and analysed by digital image processing and uni- and multivariate morphometry. All populations most closely resembled its respective type material, as expected from host species, with the exception of G. thymalli from the Norwegian river Trysilelva. We, therefore, did not find clear support in the morphometrical variation among G. salaris and G. thymalli for an a priori species delineation based on host. The present study also indicates an urgent need for more detailed knowledge on the influence of environmental factors on the phenotype of gyrodactylid populations.

Keywords
morphology; systematics; Atlantic salmon; Salmo salar; grayling; Thymallus thymallus; Gyrodactylus; Discriminant analysis; Monogenea; Salmonids Parasites

Journal
Parasitology: Volume 134, Issue 14

StatusPublished
Author(s)Olstad, Kjetil; Shinn, Andrew; Bachmann, Lutz; Bakke, Torr A
Publication date31/12/2007
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/1570
PublisherCambridge University Press
ISSN0031-1820
Scroll back to the top