Citation Bostock J, Telfer T, McAndrew B, Penman D, Young J & Muir J (2003) The potential impact of technological innovation on the aquaculture industry. 25th report: Turning the Tide - Addressing the impact of Fisheries on the Marine Environment. The Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution (RCEP). http://www.rcep.org.uk/reports/25-marine/25-marine.htm
Abstract From Executive Summary: Farming of the sea has a long history in many countries, essentially based on a range of modified low-input natural systems, including ponds, shellfish beds and simple enclosures or cages. In the last two decades the intensive farming of marine fish and the scaling up of shellfish culture has been a major trend, prompted by rising demand for aquatic food products precisely when traditional supplies from capture fisheries are in steep decline.