Davidson D, Dercon G, Simpson I, Dalsgaard K, Spek T & Plant DA (2007) The identification and significance of inputs to Anthrosols in North-West Europe. Atti della Societa Toscana di Scienze Naturali - Memorie serie A, 112, pp. 79-83. http://www.stsn.it/serAvolCXII.htm
In recent years there has been a renewed interest in soils which are the result of past land management practices involving substantial additions of mineral and organic matter. However, there is still a substantial lack of detailed information on their formation. Anthrosols are distinguished by the presence of a deep top horizon and such soils were investigated at sites in Scotland, Denmark and The Netherlands. Field data and samples were collected from eight sites under arable cultivation, meadowland and woodland. Particle size distribution, pH, loss on ignition, ECEC, base saturation and total P were measured. Carbonaceous particles were identified through micromorphological analysis and the determination of O:C ratios using an electron microprobe. Despite the use of different inputs in recent centuries and different current land management, the resultant anthropogenic soils are remarkably similar in field and analytical properties. Nevertheless, subtle changes in particle size can be explained by parent material influences, material imported by farmers and by inputs by other processes such as by wind. The results from microprobe analysis demonstrate the importance of carbonaceous particles in storing phosphorus. Thus the inherent fertility of these Anthrosols can be explained in part by the application of carbonised material in the past.
anthrosol; chemical analyses; physical analyses; Scotland; The Netherlands; Denmark
Atti della Societa Toscana di Scienze Naturali - Memorie serie A: Volume 112