Book Chapter

Diversity and Equality: 'Toleration as Recognition' Reconsidered



Baumeister A (2011) Diversity and Equality: 'Toleration as Recognition' Reconsidered. In: Mookherjee M (ed.) Democracy, Religious Pluralism and the Liberal Dilemma of Accommodation. Studies in Global Justice, Volume 7. Heidelberg, London, New York: Springer, pp. 103-117.;

While toleration is widely considered a fundamental principle in liberal societies, for critics of traditional conceptions of this principle such as Anna Elisabetta Galeotti, the idea of toleration as non-interference is increasingly unsuited to respond to the type of pluralism characteristic of these societies. For Galeotti, the most important cases of toleration in contemporary liberal societies arise not due to the plurality of individual values and beliefs, but stem from the coexistence of diverse groups and cultures with unequal standing. When socially despised groups seek to exhibit their differences in the public sphere in an attempt to secure equal social standing and respect, Galeotti proposes a positive form of ‘toleration as recognition’. This paper argues that while Galeotti’s analysis offers a powerful critique of conceptions of pluralism that seek to confine difference and diversity to the non-political private sphere, her notion of ‘toleration as recognition’ ultimately fails to provide an adequate response to the complex issues of power and identity central to her critique of traditional conceptions of toleration. For, not only does her conception of ‘toleration as recognition’ remain ambiguous, but Galeotti pays insufficient attention to the social and political processes that shape the very identities that are to be recognised.

Toleration; Recognition; Galeotti; Toleration; Equality; Pluralism; Political science

Title of seriesStudies in Global Justice
Number in seriesVolume 7
Publication date31/12/2011
Publisher URL…78-90-481-9016-4
Place of publicationHeidelberg, London, New York
ISSN of series1871-0409

People (1)


Dr Andrea Baumeister
Dr Andrea Baumeister

Senior Lecturer, Politics