Fabb N & Hutchison IC (2005) '... and rimmain yoor obeddeend omble zervand'; the invented spelling system of William Baillie of Dunain (1789-1869). Transactions of the Philological Society, 103 (3), pp. 323-338. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-968X.2005.00156.x
William Baillie invented his own spelling system, which is used in six of his letters of the 1830s and 1840s. Among his practices are his use of 'voiced' consonant letters such as 'd' for both voiced and voiceless consonants such as [t] and [d], doubling of word-medial consonants, and respelling and addition of diacritics to vowels. A forced recluse considered to have a mental infirmity brought on by his residency in Bombay and Baghdad, Baillie's practice shows an intelligent attempt to understand the relation between spelling and sound, perhaps inspired by his knowledge of Persian and Arabic, and possibly showing a knowledge of the spelling system proposed by James Elphinston.
Mental impairment; colonialism; spelling systems; Spelling reform 19th century; English language Orthography and spelling; English language Phonology; Baillie, William, 1789-1869; People with mental disabilities
Transactions of the Philological Society: Volume 103, Issue 3