Article

MRI correlates of episodic memory in Alzheimer's disease, mild cognitive impairment, and healthy aging

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Citation

Sexton CE, Mackay CE, Lonie JA, Bastin ME, Terriere E, O'Carroll R & Ebmeier KP (2010) MRI correlates of episodic memory in Alzheimer's disease, mild cognitive impairment, and healthy aging. Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging, 184 (1), pp. 57-62. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pscychresns.2010.07.005

Abstract
Episodic memory is a core feature of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Impaired episodic memory in AD results from the dysfunction of an integrated network and involves both gray and white matter pathologies. We explored the neural correlates of episodic memory in AD, MCI and healthy aging by correlating a measure of episodic memory with hippocampal volume and fractional anisotropy (FA) and mean diffusivity (MD) of the cingulum and fornix. Episodic memory was associated with hippocampal volume and MD of the cingulum and fornix. In contrast, there were fewer significant associations between episodic memory and FA. These findings support a relationship between episodic memory and hippocampal circuitry, and suggest that MD is a more sensitive marker of decreased white matter integrity in the study of AD and MCI than FA. Furthermore, MD was significantly associated with hippocampal volume, indicating that white matter pathology is not completely independent of gray matter pathology. However, the pattern of diffusivity differences in AD and MCI implies a more complex pathology than simply Wallerian degeneration.

Keywords
Dementia; Neuropsychology; Voxel based morphometry; Diffusion tensor imaging

Journal
Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging: Volume 184, Issue 1

StatusPublished
Publication date30/10/2010
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/2456
PublisherElsevier
ISSN0925-4927

People (1)

People

Professor Ronan O'Carroll
Professor Ronan O'Carroll

Professor, Psychology

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