Barwell ND, Malkova D, Moran CN, Cleland SJ, Packard CJ, Zammit VA & Gill JMR (2008) Exercise training has greater effects on insulin sensitivity in daughters of patients with type 2 diabetes than in women with no family history of diabetes. Diabetologia, 51 (10), pp. 1912-1919. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00125-008-1097-6
Aims/hypothesis - Sedentary offspring of patients with type 2 diabetes are often more insulin-resistant than persons with no family history of diabetes, but when active or fit offspring of type 2 diabetic patients are compared with non-diabetic persons, differences in insulin resistance are less evident. This study aimed to determine the effects of an exercise training intervention on insulin sensitivity in both groups.
Methods - Women offspring (n = 34) of type 2 diabetic patients (offspring age 35.6 ± 7.0 years, BMI 28.1 ± 5.1 kg/m2) and 36 matched female controls (age 33.6 ± 6.1 years, BMI 27.3 ± 4.7 kg/m2) participated. Body composition, fitness and metabolic measurements were made at baseline and after a controlled 7 week exercise intervention.
Results - At baseline, insulin sensitivity index (ISI) was 22% lower in offspring than controls (p less than 0.05), despite similar body fat and maximal oxygen uptake ( [(V)\dot]O2max )VO2max values in the two groups. ISI increased by 23% (p less than 0.05) in offspring following the exercise intervention, compared with 7% (NS) in the controls. Increases in [(V)\dot]O2maxVO2maxwere similar in both groups (controls 12%, offspring 15%, p less than 0.05 for both). Plasma leptin concentrations decreased significantly in the offspring (−24%, p less than 0.01) but not in controls (0%, NS). Change in ISI correlated significantly with baseline ISI (r = −0.47, p less than 0.0005) and change in leptin (r = −0.43, p less than 0.0005). The latter relationship was not attenuated by adjustment for changes in body fat.
Conclusions/interpretation - Offspring, but not controls, significantly increased ISI in response to an exercise intervention, indicating that insulin sensitivity is more highly modulated by physical activity in daughters of patients with type 2 diabetes than in women with no family history of the disease.
diabetes family history; exercise; insulin resistance; insulin sensitivity; leptin; offspring; training; women
Diabetologia: Volume 51, Issue 10