Galloway SD, Wootton SA, Murphy JL & Maughan RJ (2001) Exogenous carbohydrate oxidation from drinks ingested during prolonged exercise in a cold environment in humans. Journal of Applied Physiology, 91 (2), pp. 654-660. http://jap.physiology.org/content/91/2/654.short
Six healthy male volunteers performed four rides to exhaustion on a cycle ergometer at ∼80% of maximal oxygen consumption. Subjects ingested a bolus volume of fluid (7.14 ml/kg) immediately before exercise and additional fluid volumes (1.43 ml/kg) every 10 min during exercise. The fluids ingested were either a flavored water control or glucose-electrolyte beverages with glucose concentrations of 2, 6, or 12%. The beverages were labeled with [U-13C]glucose (99.2%: 0.05 g/l). Exercise capacity was not different (P = 0.13) between trials; median (range) exercise time was 83.52 (79.85–89.68), 103.19 (78.82–108.22), 100.37 (80.60–124.07), and 94.76 (76.78–114.25) min in the 0, 2, 6, and 12% trials, respectively. The oxidation of exogenous glucose in each 15-min period was significantly lower in the 2% trial (P = 0.02) than in the 6 and 12% trials where oxidation rates were between 0.5 and 0.7 g/min. No difference in endogenous glucose oxidation was observed between trials (P = 0.71). These findings indicate that the oxidation of exogenous glucose during exercise of this intensity and duration in a cold environment is similar to that observed in warmer conditions. Thus a low oxidation of exogenous substrate is unlikely to be a factor limiting the effectiveness of carbohydrate-electrolyte drink ingestion on exercise capacity in a cold environment.
stable isotopes; hydration; glucose oxidation
Journal of Applied Physiology: Volume 91, Issue 2