The experiences, needs and concerns of younger women with breast cancer: a meta-ethnography



Adams E, McCann LA, Armes J, Richardson A, Stark D, Watson E & Hubbard G (2011) The experiences, needs and concerns of younger women with breast cancer: a meta-ethnography. Psycho-Oncology, 20 (8), pp. 851-861.

Objective: This meta-ethnography synthesises the evidence on the experiences, needs and concerns of younger women with breast cancer. Methods: Using a method called ‘reciprocal translation' we developed a conceptual model to reflect the local and social contexts, issues, processes, needs and concerns of importance in this literature. Findings: Key findings relate to the particular point in the life-course at which young women with breast cancer stand. Issues for these women relate to feeling different as a result of cancer, fear of recurrence, feeling ‘out of sync' and altered embodied subjectivity. Young women with breast cancer use three processes to integrate the changes that cancer brings, namely, balancing, normalising and changing. Our conceptual model also highlights young women's needs, primarily for support, information, childcare, counselling and spiritual support. Areas of reproduction, fertility and sexuality were also of particular concern. The included papers have methodological limitations that impact on our findings, such as opportunistic data analyses, lack of theoretical frameworks and limited reference to socio-cultural factors. Conclusion: The conceptual model developed as a result of this meta-ethnography provides a basis for practitioners to address these young women's concerns more adequately and comprehensively. Copyright r 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

cancer; oncology; breast; young adults; meta-ethnography; Breast Neoplasms nursing

Psycho-Oncology: Volume 20, Issue 8

Publication date31/08/2011

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Dr Gill Hubbard

Dr Gill Hubbard

Reader, Health Sciences (Highland & W.Isles)