Article

A comparison of three measures of estimating premorbid intellectual level in dementia of the Alzheimer type

Details

Citation

Law R & O'Carroll R (1998) A comparison of three measures of estimating premorbid intellectual level in dementia of the Alzheimer type. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 13 (10), pp. 727-730. http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?partnerID=yv4JPVwI&eid=2-s2.0-0031721558&md5=45c91bcfa5a384ebd7cfa889f1d949db; https://doi.org/10.1002/%28SICI%291099-1166%281998100%2913%3A10%3C727%3A%3AAID-GPS851%3E3.0.CO%3B2-2

Abstract
Estimation of premorbid intellectual function is becoming increasingly recognized as a crucial component of neuropsychological assessment in both research and clinical practice. Estimation based on accuracy of pronunciation of irregular words via the National Adult Reading Test (NART) has become popular. However, alternative methods have recently been developed, including the Cambridge Contextual Reading Test (CCRT) and the Spot-the-Word Test (STW). In the present study, the three methods were compared in 21 elderly patients with dementia of the Alzheimer type (DAT), relative to a large sample of healthy controls. Performance on all three measures was relatively unaffected by DAT, and in the controls, both the NART and the CCRT correlated relatively well with current verbal intelligence. However, the correlation between the STW and current verbal intelligence was disappointingly low. The DAT subjects showed a significantly greater improvement in performance (relative to controls) when the irregular words were placed in context (meaningful sentences). The results suggest that the CCRT may provide the fairest estimate of premorbid verbal intelligence in DAT.

Keywords
NART; CCRT; STW; premorbid; intelligence; dementia; cognitive; assessment; neuropsychology

Journal
International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry: Volume 13, Issue 10

StatusPublished
Publication date31/10/1998
PublisherWiley-Blackwell
Publisher URLhttp://www.scopus.com/…d7cfa889f1d949db
ISSN0885-6230

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People

Professor Ronan O'Carroll
Professor Ronan O'Carroll

Professor, Psychology

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