Citation Hanzelova V, Kuchta R, Scholz T & Shinn A (2005) Morphometric analysis of four species of Eubothrium (Cestoda: Pseudophyllidea) parasites of salmonid fish: An interspecific and intraspecific comparison. Parasitology International, 54 (2), pp. 207-214. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.parint.2005.05.001
Abstract Four species of the genus Eubothrium (E. crassum, E. fragile, E. rugosum and E. salvelini) were subjected to morphometric comparison. Discriminant analysis was conducted utilising 17 characters measured on the scolex and strobila of 101 specimens. Univariate statistics were first used to detect features that were useful for separating individual Eubothrium species and two different host populations of E. salvelini. Subsequent multivariate discriminant analysis, combining all the measured variables, made it possible to separate all four species. A comparison of the four taxa revealed that (1) E. fragile is the most distinct species, possessing a much smaller scolex than the other congeners, and its similarity with the other marine species E. crassum is not proven; (2) the two freshwater taxa, E. rugosum and E. salvelini are the most similar; (3) the characters most suitable for species differentiation are the length of the scolex, the width of the apical disc, the width of the neck and its area, the width of eggs and the number of testes; (4) the width of the apical disc was confirmed to be the most stable character at the intraspecific level (within E. salvelini host populations) and is therefore considered to be a trait of the highest discriminative power in the subset of four Eubothrium species.