Article

Corporate financing decisions: UK survey evidence

Citation

Beattie V, Goodacre A & Smith SJ (2006) Corporate financing decisions: UK survey evidence. Journal of Business Finance and Accounting, 33 (9-10), pp. 1402-1434. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-5957.2006.00640.x

Abstract
Despite theoretical developments in recent years, our understanding of corporate capital structure remains incomplete. Prior empirical research has been dominated by archival regression studies which are limited in their ability to fully reflect the diversity found in practice. The present paper reports on a comprehensive survey of corporate financing decision-making in UK listed companies. A key finding is that firms are heterogeneous in their capital structure policies. About half of the firms seek to maintain a target debt level, consistent with trade-off theory but 60% claim to follow a financing hierarchy, consistent with pecking order theory. These two theories are not viewed by respondents as either mutually exclusive or exhaustive. Many of the theoretical determinants of debt levels are widely accepted by respondents, in particular the importance of interest tax shield, financial distress, agency costs and also, at least implicitly, information asymmetry. Results also indicate that cross-country institutional differences have a significant impact on financial decisions.

Keywords
capital structure; survey; trade-off theory; pecking order theory; agency theory; institutional differences; Accounting and Finance; Corporations Finance

Journal
Journal of Business Finance and Accounting: Volume 33, Issue 9-10

StatusPublished
Publication date30/11/2006
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/10922
PublisherBlackwell Publishing Ltd
ISSN0306-686X