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Article

Effects of resistance exercise combined with essential amino acid supplementation and energy deficit on markers of skeletal muscle atrophy and regeneration during bed rest and active recovery

Citation
Brooks N, Cadena SM, Vannier E, Cloutier G, Carambula S, Myburgh KH, Roubenoff R & Castaneda-Sceppa C (2010) Effects of resistance exercise combined with essential amino acid supplementation and energy deficit on markers of skeletal muscle atrophy and regeneration during bed rest and active recovery. Muscle and Nerve, 42 (6), pp. 927-935. https://doi.org/10.1002/mus.21780

Abstract
Spaceflight and bed rest (BR) lead to muscle atrophy. This study assessed the effect of essential amino acid (EAA) supplementation and resistance training with decreased energy intake on molecular changes in skeletal muscle after 28-day BR and 14-day recovery. Thirty-one men (31-55 years) subjected to an 8 ± 6% energy deficit were randomized to receive EAA without resistance training (AA, n = 7), or EAA 3 h after (RT, n = 12) or 5 min before (AART, n = 12) resistance training. During BR, myostatin transcript levels increased twofold in the AA group. During recovery, insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) mRNA increased in all groups, whereas Pax7, MyoD, myogenin, and MRF4 transcripts increased in AA only (all P < 0.05). MAFbx transcripts decreased twofold with AA and RT. Satellite cells did not change during BR or recovery. This suggests that EAA alone is the least protective countermeasure to muscle loss, and several molecular mechanisms are proposed by which exercise attenuates muscle atrophy during BR with energy deficit.

Keywords
bed rest; energy deficit; essential amino acid supplementation; myogenic factors; resistance exercise

Journal
Muscle and Nerve: Volume 42, Issue 6

StatusPublished
Author(s)Brooks, Naomi; Cadena, Samuel M; Vannier, Edouard; Cloutier, Gregory; Carambula, Silvia; Myburgh, Kathryn H; Roubenoff, Ronenn; Castaneda-Sceppa, Carmen
Publication date31/12/2010
Publication date online06/10/2010
Date accepted by journal06/05/2010
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/22611
PublisherWiley-Blackwell
ISSN0148-639X
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