Davidson D, Wilson C, Lemos IS & Theocharopoulos SP (2010) Tell formation processes as indicated from geoarchaeological and geochemical investigations at Xeropolis, Euboea, Greece. Journal of Archaeological Science, 37 (7), pp. 1564-1571. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2010.01.017
Xeropolis is a tell site on the island of Euboea, Greece just to the east of the village of Lefkandi, and was occupied from the Early Bronze Age to the Early Iron Age. Excavations in recent years have provided an opportunity to investigate site formation processes using geoarchaeological and geochemical techniques. Sediments derived from the tell on the southern side have been lost by coastal erosion whilst those on the north mantle the flanking slope. Of particular interest is a homogeneous and unstratified deposit of over 2 m which overlies the archaeology near the southern perimeter of the summit area. The soil structure as evident in thin sections indicates a high degree of bioturbation, probably stimulated by recent manuring and cultivation. The implication is that tillage erosion has had a major impact on the morphology as well as on the surface soils of the tell. Despite such reworking and redeposition of near surface materials, it is still possible from multi-element analysis to identify the geochemical distinctiveness of six archaeological contexts (pit, house, plaster floor, alley, road and yard); pits and floors have high loadings of all elements except Pb; in contrast pits and floors have the lowest elemental concentrations.
Tell formation; Greece; Micromorphology; Multi-element analysis
Journal of Archaeological Science: Volume 37, Issue 7