Article

Food intake and live growth performance of pigs measured automatically and continuously from 25 to 115 kg live weight

Citation

Green D, Brotherstone S, Schofield CP & Whittemore CT (2003) Food intake and live growth performance of pigs measured automatically and continuously from 25 to 115 kg live weight. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 83 (11), pp. 1150-1155. https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.1519

Abstract
Continuous automatic measurement and electronic recording provided data for individual pig live weight and food intake on a daily basis for a total of 74 pigs representing three commercially available crossbred types of mixed genetic origin, which were kept under commercial farming conditions to determine practical expectations for food intake and performance characteristics over the whole of the growth range from 25 to 115 kg live weight. The pig types were named as 'Landrace' type, 'Pietrain' type and 'Meishan' type, having been chosen to represent 'lean', 'meaty' and 'fatty' types. The pigs were fed ad libitum and serially slaughtered in groups at 32, 42, 63, 82 and 112 kg live weight (W). Results are presented in the order of pig type as above. Daily live weight gains at 80 kg live weight were 0.93, 0.94 and 0.91 kg day-1 and at 100 kg were 1.04, 0.81 and 0.75 kg day-1. Food intake curves differed with respect to both position and shape, with 'Pietrain' type pigs showing a lower increase with increasing live weight. Significant differences were found in the levels of fatness, as measured by P2 backfat depth, of the three pig types across the weight range examined (P less than 0.001), in order of fatness 'Pietrain' type less than 'Landrace' type less than 'Meishan' type.

Keywords
growth of pigs; pig food intake

Journal
Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture: Volume 83, Issue 11

StatusPublished
Publication date01/09/2003
PublisherWiley-Blackwell
ISSN0022-5142