Article

Estimating pre-morbid intellectual ability in the Alcoholic Korsakoff Syndrome

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Citation

O'Carroll R, Moffoot APR, Ebmeier KP & Goodwin GM (1992) Estimating pre-morbid intellectual ability in the Alcoholic Korsakoff Syndrome. Psychological Medicine, 22 (4), pp. 903-909. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033291700038472

Abstract
The National Adult Reading Test (NART) is widely used in clinical and research settings to estimate pre-morbid intellectual levels. The validity of the NART in estimating pre-morbid ability in Alcoholic Korsakoff Syndrome (AKS) is examined in the present study. Twenty AKS subjects were compared with 40 healthy controls. The validity of the NART as a pre-morbid measure in AKS was examined using four methods. AKS subjects made more NART errors than controls, had lower NART predicted IQ than demographically predicted IQ, made more NART errors than predicted by demographic variables and demonstrated NART performance which correlated with degree of memory impairment. It is concluded that NART performance is detrimentally affected by the AKS and that estimating pre-morbid intellectual level in Korsakoff's psychosis using the NART may be invalid. Furthermore, it is postulated that the impaired ability to pronounce correctly irregular words in AKS may reflect a failure in cognitive 'error checking' which may represent a consequence of frontal lobe dysfunction.

Journal
Psychological Medicine: Volume 22, Issue 4

StatusPublished
Publication date30/11/1992
PublisherCambridge University Press
ISSN0033-2917

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People

Professor Ronan O'Carroll
Professor Ronan O'Carroll

Professor, Psychology

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