Article

Effects of increasing dietary linoleic acid on phospholipid fatty acid composition and eicosanoid production in leucocytes and gill cells of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar)

Citation

Bell JG, Sargent JR & Raynard R (1992) Effects of increasing dietary linoleic acid on phospholipid fatty acid composition and eicosanoid production in leucocytes and gill cells of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids, 45 (3), pp. 197-206. https://doi.org/10.1016/0952-3278%2892%2990113-W

Abstract
Diets containing linoleic acid at 10, 25 and 45% of total dietary fatty acids were fed to three groups of post-smolt Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) for 18 weeks. Incorporation of linoleic acid into membrane phospholipids of leucocytes and gills increased in response to dietary intake. In general, there was an increase in arachidonic acid and a decrease in eicosapentaenoic acid in the individual phospholipids of both cell types in response to increasing dietary linoleic acid. These changes in eicosanoid precursors were reflected in significantly increased plasma concentrations of 6-keto-PGF1α and TXB2 in salmon given the highest dietary linoleic acid. In whole blood stimulated with the calcium ionophore A23187, LTB4, 12-HETE and TXB2 were significantly increased and 12-HEPE significantly decreased in response to increasing dietary linoleic acid. In isolated gill cells stimulated with A23187, 12-HEPE, 12-HETE, 14-HDHE and TXB2 were all decreased in response to increasing dietary linoleic acid, although the ratio of 12-HEPE/12-HETE was also decreased.

Journal
Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids: Volume 45, Issue 3

StatusPublished
Publication date31/03/1992
PublisherElsevier
ISSN0952-3278