Article

Fatty acid composition, eicosanoid production and permeability in skin tissues of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) fed a control or an essential fatty acid deficient diet

Citation

Ghioni C, Bell JG, Bell M & Sargent JR (1997) Fatty acid composition, eicosanoid production and permeability in skin tissues of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) fed a control or an essential fatty acid deficient diet. Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids, 56 (6), pp. 479-489. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0952-3278%2897%2990603-7

Abstract
Rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) were fed either a control diet containing fish oil or an essential fatty acid (EFA) deficient diet containing only hydrogenated coconut oil and palmitic acid as lipid source (93.4% saturated fatty acids) for 14 weeks and the fatty acid compositions of individual phospholipid classes from skin and opercular membrane (OM) determined. The permeability of skin and OM to water and the production of eicosanoids in skin and gills challenged with the Ca2+ ionophore A23187 were also measured. Phospholipid (PL) fatty acid compositions were substantially modified in EFA-deficient fish, with increased saturated fatty acids and decreased polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), especially arachidonic acid (AA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), while docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) was largely retained. The onset of EFA deficiency was shown by the appearance of n-9 PUFA, particularly 20:3n-9. The main effects of EFA deficiency on phosphatidylcholine (PC) and phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) were to increase saturated fatty acids and monoenes, especially 16:1 and 18:1, and to decrease EPA and DHA. The content of DHA in phosphatidylserine (PS) was high in control animals (40% in skin and 35% in opercular membrane) and was mostly retained in EFA deficient animals. Arachidonic acid (AA) was the most abundant PUFA esterified to phosphatidylinositol (PI) and was significantly reduced in EFA deficient animals (from 31% to 13% in skin), where a large amount of 20:3n-9 (9% in skin) was also present. Influxes and effluxes of water through skin and opercular membrane were measured in vitro. No differences were detected between rainbow trout fed the control or the EFA deficient diet. 12-Hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (12-HETE), 12-hydroxyeicosapentaenoic acid (12-HEPE) and 14-hydroxydocosahexaenoic acid (14-HDHE) could not be detected in skin from control or EFA deficient fish. There was no difference between control and EFA deficient trout in the levels of leukotriene C4 (LTC4) and leukotriene C5 (LTC5) in skin cells challenged with the calcium ionophore A23187, and of prostaglandin F2α (PGF2α), 12-HETE and 12-HEPE in gill cells challenged similarly. Prostaglandin F3α (PGF3α) production by ionophore stimulated gill cells was significantly reduced in fish fed the EFA-deficient diet. 14-HDHE produced by gill cells was 3.3 fold higher in EFA deficient fish compared to controls.

Journal
Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids: Volume 56, Issue 6

StatusPublished
Publication date30/06/1997
PublisherElsevier
ISSN0952-3278