Dekker T, Vollebergh HRJ, de Vries F & Withagen CA (2012) Inciting protocols. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 64 (1), pp. 45-67. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jeem.2011.11.005
This paper studies patenting decisions by firms in relation to the negotiation and signing of the Helsinki and Oslo protocol as part of the Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution.We use a uniquely constructed patent dataset on SO2 abatement technologies filed in 15 signatory and non-signatory countries in the period 1970-1997. The data distinguish between so-called 'mother' patents, or original inventions, and 'family' patents, which represent the sam einvention but are patents filed in foreign countries. Our analysis suggests that not only local environmental regulations matter for patenting decisions. International environmental agreements provide incentives for additional inventive activity in and the diffusion of knowledge towards signatory countries by reducing investmentun certainty for inventing firms.
International environmental agreements; Inventions; Knowledge transfers; Patents; Acid rain
Journal of Environmental Economics and Management: Volume 64, Issue 1
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