Davies K (2006) Co-operative Principles and International Expansion: the case of NTUC
FairPrice. Journal of Co-operative Studies, 39 (2), pp. 15-28. http://www.co-opstudies.org/vol_39_2.htm
This paper considers some of the issues surrounding the internationalisation of the retail arms of consumer co-operatives. Using the example of the Singaporean co‑operative NTUC FairPrice, it argues that the internationalisation of retail co‑operatives may have been held back or even discouraged by their underlying co‑operative principles and management ideals.
Journal of Co-operative Studies: Volume 39, Issue 2