Armstrong S, McIvor G, McNeill F & McGuinness P (2013) International Evidence Review of Conditional (Suspended) Sentences. Scottish Government - Learning & Justice - Justice. SCCJR Research Reports, 01/2013. Scottish Centre for Crime and Justice Research. http://www.sccjr.ac.uk/wp-content/uploads/2013/01/Conditional-Sentences-FINAL-january-2013.pdf
First paragraph: In this report we summarise the international research on conditional sentences. According to our terms of reference, we sought evidence on such sentences and the effect they have been shown to have on:
- sentencing: have judges made use of such sentences in cases which otherwise would have resulted in immediate custodial sentences, and is there any evidence of net widening?
- reoffending: what impact have conditional sentences had on the consequent involvement of people in the criminal justice system?
- perceptions: what do the public, sentencers, offenders and others think about conditional sentences?