King DN & Ma Y (2000) Decentralization and macroeconomic performance. Applied Economics Letters, 7 (1), pp. 11-14. http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?partnerID=yv4JPVwI&eid=2-s2.0-0040354379&md5=083a8e1859be37c1f5f5e4e186e09d32; https://doi.org/10.1080/135048500352013
The paper examines the relationship between some key measures of macroeconomic performance and fiscal decentralization in OECD countries, and the impact on this relationship of increased policy co-ordination among countries since 1985. It is shown that prior to 1985 there was a significant relationship between decentralization and macroeconomic performance on all of these measures, with decentralized performing better. By 1996, however, the relationships had all ceased to be significant. This suggests that, as a result of harmonization, the tendency for decentralized economies to have more effective economic policies has weakened.
Applied Economics Letters: Volume 7, Issue 1