Priestley M & Biesta GJJ (eds.) (2013) Reinventing the Curriculum: New Trends in Curriculum Policy and Practice. London: Bloomsbury Academic. http://www.bloomsbury.com/uk/reinventing-the-curriculum-9781441134813/
Scotland's Curriculum for Excellence offers an example of a different approach to national curriculum development. It combines what are claimed to be the best features of top-down and bottom-up approaches to curriculum development, and provides an indication of the broad qualities that school education should promote rather than a detailed description of curriculum content. Advocates of the approach argue that it provides central guidance for schools and maintains national standards whilst at the same time allowing schools and teachers the flexibility to take account of local needs when designing programmes of education. Reinventing the Curriculum uses Scotland's Curriculum for Excellence as a rich case study, analyzing the strengths and weaknesses of this approach to curriculum design and development, and exploring the implications for curriculum planning and development around the world.