Gheorghiu E & Erkelens CJ (2004) Spatial-scale interaction in human stereoscopic vision in response to sustained and transient stimuli. Vision Research, 44 (6), pp. 563-575. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.visres.2003.10.016
We investigated temporal properties of stereopsis at different spatial scales in dynamic random-dot stereograms (DRS) consisting of (i) the repeated presentation of two image pairs (i.e. sustained presentation) and (ii) single presentations of two image pairs (transient presentation). In dense stereograms perception of depth is possible if the levels of interocular correlation are above a certain threshold. Therefore, detection of correlation is an important step in stereopsis. Across different experiments, we varied the level of interocular correlation as a function of time by alternating correlated and un/anticorrelated random-dot stereograms. Also, we varied their spatial scale (coarse, fine and alternating between coarse and fine). The presence of stereopsis was examined using a forced-choice depth detection task. For both sustained and transient presentations of the stimuli, the results show that (i) stereopsis has similar temporal properties at coarse and fine spatial scales; (ii) interaction between spatial scales depends on their relative sizes. The results indicate a strong inhibitory influence of rivalry at a coarse scale on stereopsis at a fine scale, and just a weak inhibitory influence of rivalry at a fine scale on stereopsis at a coarse scale.
This study provides experimental evidence for a hierarchical organisation of spatial scales in human stereoscopic vision based on neural interaction instead of vergence eye movements.
Vision Research: Volume 44, Issue 6