Article

The role of mosses in carbon uptake and partitioning in arctic vegetation

Citation

Street LE, Subke J, Sommerkorn M, Sloan V, Ducrotoy H, Phoenix GK & Williams M (2013) The role of mosses in carbon uptake and partitioning in arctic vegetation. New Phytologist, 199 (1), pp. 163-175. https://doi.org/10.1111/nph.12285

Abstract
- The Arctic is already experiencing changes in plant community composition, so understanding the contribution of different vegetation components to carbon (C) cycling is essential in order to accurately quantify ecosystem C balance. Mosses contribute substantially to biomass, but their impact on carbon use efficiency (CUE) - the proportion of gross primary productivity (GPP) incorporated into growth - and aboveground versus belowground C partitioning is poorly known. - We used 13C pulse-labelling to trace assimilated C in mosses (Sphagnum sect. Acutifolia and Pleurozium schreberi) and in dwarf shrub-P. schreberi vegetation in sub-Arctic Finland. Based on 13C pools and fluxes, we quantified the contribution of mosses to GPP, CUE and partitioning. - Mosses incorporated 20 ± 9% of total ecosystem GPP into biomass. CUE of Sphagnum was 68-71%, that of P. schreberi was 62-81% and that of dwarf shrub-P. schreberi vegetation was 58-74%. Incorporation of C belowground was 10 ± 2% of GPP, while vascular plants alone incorporated 15 ± 4% of their fixed C belowground. - We have demonstrated that mosses strongly influence C uptake and retention in Arctic dwarf shrub vegetation. They increase CUE, and the fraction of GPP partitioned aboveground. Arctic C models must include mosses to accurately represent ecosystem C dynamics.

Keywords
belowground; biomass; bryophyte; carbon allocation; carbon use efficiency; CO2 flux; gross primary productivity (GPP); tundra ; Forest soils Northern Hemisphere;Soil ecology Northern Hemisphere;Soil chemistry Northern Hemisphere;Forests and forestry Northern Hemisphere

Journal
New Phytologist: Volume 199, Issue 1

StatusPublished
Publication date31/07/2013
Date accepted by journal14/03/2013
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/15501
PublisherWiley-Blackwell for New Phytologist Trust
ISSN0028-646X