Cruft R (2006) Why Aren't Duties Rights?. Philosophical Quarterly, 56 (223), pp. 175-192. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9213.2006.00436.x
The best analyses of the concept ‘rights' maintain that Hohfeldian claims, privileges, powers, immunities, liabilities, and clusters of these positions, all qualify as rights when they satisfy some further condition, such as serving their holder's interests, or fulfilling some alternative function. But duties, disabilities and no‐rights can also satisfy this further condition. For example, many duties, disabilities and no‐rights serve their holder's interests, and fulfil ‘right‐like' functions. Why, then, do we disallow such duties, disabilities and no‐rights from qualifying as rights?
Philosophical Quarterly: Volume 56, Issue 223
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