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Article

Variability in bumblebee pollination buzzes affects the quantity of pollen released from flowers

Citation
De Luca PA, Bussiere L, Souto-Vilaros D, Goulson D, Mason AC & Vallejo-Marin M (2013) Variability in bumblebee pollination buzzes affects the quantity of pollen released from flowers. Oecologia, 172 (3), pp. 805-816. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00442-012-2535-1

Abstract
Buzz-pollination is a plant strategy that promotes gamete transfer by requiring a pollinator, typically bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidea), to vibrate a flower's anthers in order to extract pollen. Although buzz-pollination is widespread in angiosperms with over 20,000 species using it, little is known about the functional connection between natural variation in buzzing vibrations and the amount of pollen that can be extracted from anthers. We characterized variability in the vibrations produced by Bombus terrestris bumblebees while collecting pollen from Solanum rostratum (Solanaceae), a buzz-pollinated plant. We found substantial variation in several buzzing properties both within and among workers from a single colony. As expected, some of this variation was predicted by the physical attributes of individual bumblebees: heavier workers produced buzzes of greater amplitude. We then constructed artificial "pollination buzzes" that varied in three parameters (peak frequency, peak amplitude, and duration), and stimulated S. rostratum flowers with these synthetic buzzes to quantify the relationship between buzz properties and pollen removal. We found that greater amplitude and longer duration buzzes ejected substantially more pollen, while frequency had no directional effect and only a weak quadratic effect on the amount of pollen removed. These findings suggest that foraging bumblebees may improve pollen collection by increasing the duration or amplitude of their buzzes. Moreover, given that amplitude is positively correlated with mass, preferential foraging by heavier workers is likely to result in the largest pollen yields per bee, and this could have significant consequences for the success of a colony foraging on buzz-pollinated flowers.

Keywords
Bombus terrestris; Solanum rostratum; Pollinator mass; Poricidal anthers; Buzz-pollination

Journal
Oecologia: Volume 172, Issue 3

StatusPublished
Author(s)De Luca, Paul A; Bussiere, Luc; Souto-Vilaros, Daniel; Goulson, Dave; Mason, Andrew C; Vallejo-Marin, Mario
Publication date31/07/2013
Publication date online28/11/2012
Date accepted by journal13/11/2012
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/19502
PublisherSpringer
ISSN0029-8549
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