Oram R (2013) Arrested Development? Energy Crises, Fuel Supplies, and the Slow March to Modernity in Scotland, 1450-1850. In: Unger R (ed.) Energy Transitions in History: Global Cases of Continuity and Change. Rachel Carson Centre Perspectives, 2. Munich: Rachel Carson Centre, pp. 17-24. http://www.carsoncenter.uni-muenchen.de/download/publications/perspectives/2013_perspectives/1302_energy_web_color1.pdf
This essay explores the transitions in fuel use that occurred in Scotland between the later 15th and mid 19th centuries and the various drivers behind those transitions: shortages/market price; technological; ideological; fashion.
energy transitions; fuel resources; modernity; Scotland