Saxton TK, DeBruine LM, Jones BC, Little A & Roberts SC (2013) Voice pitch preferences of adolescents: Do changes across time indicate a shift towards potentially adaptive adult-like preferences?. Personality and Individual Differences, 55 (2), pp. 90-94. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2013.02.009
An evolutionary approach to attractiveness judgments emphasi ses that many human trait preferences exist in order to assist adaptive mate choice. Here we test an adaptive development hypothesis, whereby voice pitch preferences indicating potential mate quality might arise or strengthen significantly during adolesce nce (when mate choice becomes adaptive). We used a longitudinal study of 250 adolescents to investigate changes in preferenc e for voice pitch, a proposed marker of mate quality. We found signif- icantly stronger preferences for lower-pitched opposite-sex voices in the older age group compared with the younger age group (using different sets of age-matched stimuli), and marginally increased prefer- ences for lower-pitched opposite-sex voices comparing within-participant preferences for the same set of stimuli over the course of 1 year. We also found stability in individual differenc es in preferences across adolesce nce: controlling for age, the raters who had stronger preferences than their peers for lower- pitched voices when first tested, retained stronger preferences for lower-pitched voices relative to their peers about 1 year later. Adolescence provides a useful arena for evaluating adaptive hypotheses and testing the cues that might give rise to adaptive behaviour.
Adolescence; Attraction; Attractiveness judgments; Pitch; Vocal attractiveness; Voice; evolutionary psychology; mate choice
Personality and Individual Differences: Volume 55, Issue 2