Dombrowski SU, Sniehotta FF, Johnston M, Broom I, Kulkarni U, Brown J, Murray L & Araujo-Soares V (2012) Optimizing acceptability and feasibility of an evidence-based behavioral intervention for obese adults with obesity-related co-morbidities or additional risk factors for co-morbidities: An open-pilot intervention study in secondary care. Patient Education and Counseling, 87 (1), pp. 108-119. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pec.2011.08.003
Objective: To test and optimize the feasibility and acceptability of a physical activity (PA) and healthy eating behavior change intervention for obese adults with obesity-related co-morbidities or additional risk factors for co-morbidities.
Methods: Open-pilot intervention study using an uncontrolled pre and post design with ongoing measures on intervention acceptability and feasibility. Participants received 5 weekly nurse-led one-hour long group sessions. Acceptability and feasibility were assessed throughout. PA, dietary behavior and weight were measured before and after the intervention.
Results: Of 74 consenting participants, 61 (82%) received and 47 (64%) completed the intervention. Average ratings of intervention materials and components by participants ranged between 4.1 and 4.9 out of 5. Average facilitator satisfaction rating was 90% (range 75-100%). The intervention delivery was feasible as indicated by ratings and comments from participants and the facilitator. Participants lost -0.86 kg of weight t(45) = 3.84, p = 0.0001, and increased PA by an additional 1.6 (SD = 2.7) sessions/week, t(31) = -3.3, p = 0.002. No significant dietary differences emerged.
Conclusion: The intervention was acceptable to the facilitator and participants and feasible for delivery. Several intervention aspects were further optimized.
Practice implications: The current study outlines a PA and dietary behavior change pilot intervention coupled with a systematic and transparent process of intervention optimization.
Behavior change; Behavior change techniques; Open-pilot; Obesity; Intervention development
Patient Education and Counseling: Volume 87, Issue 1