Skip header navigation
×

Article

Comparison of three methods for detection of Mycobacterium marinum in goldfish (Carassius auratus)

Citation
Pourahmad F, Nemati M & Richards R (2014) Comparison of three methods for detection of Mycobacterium marinum in goldfish (Carassius auratus). Aquaculture, 422-423, pp. 42-46. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2013.11.026

Abstract
Mycobacterium marinum is a well-recognised mycobacterial species which produces granulomatous reactions in a variety of aquatic organisms. Detection of this organism primarily relies on histological and bacteriological examination of infected fish tissues but recently a number of molecular methods have also been employed. In this study a comparison of three such methods in the detection of M. marinum in goldfish (Carassius auratus) was carried out. Histological analysis revealed that fish infected with M. marinum often developed granulomas in the absence of external lesions and clinical signs of mycobacteriosis. Approximately 40% of all infected fish had greater than/equal to 104 mycobacteria per gram of splenic tissue. Approximately 89% of samples (8/9) with < 104 CFU/g of spleen were positive by PCR. Statistical analysis revealed significant differences between the 3 methods of comparison for the entire sample (N = 15), but very significant differences between PCR and other detection methods (p = 0.0202). Overall, this study demonstrates that PCR is a rapid, specific, and sensitive method for detecting M. marinum in goldfish.

Keywords
Detection; Mycobacterium marinum; Experimental infection; Goldfish

Journal
Aquaculture: Volume 422-423

StatusPublished
Author(s)Pourahmad, Fazel; Nemati, Mostafa; Richards, Randolph
Publication date28/02/2014
Date accepted by journal25/11/2013
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/18436
PublisherElsevier
ISSN0044-8486
Scroll back to the top