Citation Thompson K, Lilley JH, Chen S, Adams A & Richards R (1999) The immune response of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) against Aphanomyces invadans. Fish and Shellfish Immunology, 9 (3), pp. 195-210. https://doi.org/10.1006/fsim.1998.0198
Abstract Aphanomyces invadans, also referred toA. invaderisorA. piscicida, is the aetiological agent of epizootic ulcerative syndrome (EUS). Immune responses of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) against this fungus were examined, including both antibody and macrophage responses. The fish antibodies to the fungus, assessed by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) were generally non-specific, but sera from fish vaccinated withA. invadansreacted with bands at 55 and 40kDa by Western blot analysis. Macrophage activity was examinedin vitroby culturing rainbow trout head kidney macrophages with fungal spores. The macrophages were able to phagocytose sporesin vitroand, in some cases, hyphae were observed growing from germinated spores within the macrophage. When low concentrations of spores (1×102and 1×103spore ml-1) were cultured with macrophage monolayers, no germination of spores or growth of hyphae was observed. At concentrations of 1×104spore ml-1or higher, macrophages were unable to kill all the spores and fungal mycelium eventually overgrew the culture. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) was used to examine the ultrastructural interaction between macrophages and the fungus. The possible role of rainbow trout as a model forA. invadansinfection in salmonids is also discussed.